(dig) data processor Maschine fuer sperielle Arbeit Maschinengewehr (MG) machine gun Maschinengewehr, bewegliches flexible machine gun. Mr. Chairman, will the record show the type of machine guns and the number of each, and its use? The CHAIRMAN. Under the item “ Automatic rifles " kindly. Der Film über sein Leben (Machine Gun Preacher) kam in die Kinos. Aus dem Amerikanischen von Eva Weyandt Die amerikanische Originalausgabe.
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Machine Gun ist ein Jazzalbum des Peter Brötzmann Oktetts, das im Mai in der Lila Eule in Bremen aufgenommen wurde. Es erschien zunächst im. George F. Barnes jr., auch bekannt als George „Machine Gun“ Kelly Barnes (* Juli in Chicago; † Juli in Leavenworth, Kansas) war ein. Many translated example sentences containing "machine gun" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. machine Maschine Spamabhebend bearbeiten maehine Maschine, Rechner, machine-gun, to suit Maschinengewelr be s:ly lessel) machine gun armament. Der Film über sein Leben (Machine Gun Preacher) kam in die Kinos. Aus dem Amerikanischen von Eva Weyandt Die amerikanische Originalausgabe. Mr. Chairman, will the record show the type of machine guns and the number of each, and its use? The CHAIRMAN. Under the item “ Automatic rifles " kindly. (dig) data processor Maschine fuer sperielle Arbeit Maschinengewehr (MG) machine gun Maschinengewehr, bewegliches flexible machine gun.
Machine Gun Preacher. ()2 Std. 9 MinX-Ray Outlaw-Biker Sam kommt frisch aus dem Gefängnis frei, wo er einsaß wegen der üblichen Drogen-. Der Film über sein Leben (Machine Gun Preacher) kam in die Kinos. Aus dem Amerikanischen von Eva Weyandt Die amerikanische Originalausgabe. machine Maschine Spamabhebend bearbeiten maehine Maschine, Rechner, machine-gun, to suit Maschinengewelr be s:ly lessel) machine gun armament. As the cam and lever move, the pawl moves out, grabs onto a cartridge and pulls the belt through the gun. However, due to antiquated views of the Ordnance Department the weapons, like its more famous counterpart the Gatling Gun, saw only limited use. The light machine gunalso called the squad automatic Gilmore Girl Staffel 8 Dvd, is equipped with a bipod and is operated by one soldier; it usually has a box-type magazine and is chambered for the small-calibre, intermediate-power ammunition fired by the assault rifles of its military unit. Band Of Brothers German Stream Rifle Factory Ishapore. According to the Wu-Pei-Chih, a booklet examining Chinese military equipment produced during the first quarter of the 17th century, the Chinese army had in its arsenal Machine Gun 'Po-Tzu Lien-Chu-P'ao' or 'string-ofbullets cannon'.
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Machine Gun Navigation menu VideoMachine Gun Kelly, Camila Cabello - Bad Things the simple pistol with countless ammunition, then some heavier cannonry but with limited munitions: a machine gun, a laser (very efficient!), and a rocket launcher. Machine Gun Preacher. ()2 Std. 9 MinX-Ray Outlaw-Biker Sam kommt frisch aus dem Gefängnis frei, wo er einsaß wegen der üblichen Drogen-.
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Type 1 heavy machine gun. Machine guns such as the M2 Browning and MG42 , are of this second kind. A cam, lever or actuator absorbs part of the energy of the recoil to operate the gun mechanism.
An externally actuated weapon uses an external power source, such as an electric motor or hand crank, to move its mechanism through the firing sequence.
Modern weapons of this type are often referred to as Gatling guns , after the original inventor not only of the well-known hand-cranked 19th century proto-machine gun, but also of the first electrically-powered version.
They have several barrels each with an associated chamber and action on a rotating carousel and a system of cams that load, cock, and fire each mechanism progressively as it rotates through the sequence; essentially each barrel is a separate bolt-action rifle using a common feed source.
The continuous nature of the rotary action, and its relative immunity to overheating allow for an incredibly high cyclic rate of fire, often several thousand rounds per minute.
Rotary guns are less prone to jamming than a gun operated by gas or recoil, as the external power source will eject misfired rounds with no further trouble, but this is not possible in the rare cases of self-powered rotary guns.
Whereas such weapons are highly reliable and formidably effective, one drawback is that the weight and size of the power source and driving mechanism makes them usually impractical for use outside of a vehicle or aircraft mount.
Revolver cannons , such as the Mauser MK , were developed in World War II by the Germans to provide high-caliber cannons with a reasonable rate of fire and reliability.
In contrast to the rotary format, such weapons have a single barrel, and a recoil-operated carriage holding a revolving chamber with typically five chambers.
As each round is fired, electrically, the carriage moves back rotating the chamber which also ejects the spent case, indexes the next live round to be fired with the barrel and loads the next round into the chamber.
The action is very similar to that of the revolver pistols common in the 19th and 20th centuries, giving this type of weapon its name. A Chain gun is a specific, patented type of Revolver cannon, the name in this case deriving from its driving mechanism.
As noted above, firing a machine gun for prolonged periods produces large amounts of heat. In a worst-case scenario this may cause a cartridge to overheat and detonate even when the trigger is not pulled, potentially leading to damage or causing the gun to cycle its action and keep firing until it has exhausted its ammunition supply or jammed; this is known as cooking off as distinct from runaway fire where the sear fails to re-engage when the trigger is released.
To guard against cook-offs occurring, some kind of cooling system or design element is required. Early machine guns were often water-cooled and while this technology was very effective, and was indeed one of the sources of the notorious efficiency of machine guns during the First World War , the water jackets also added considerable weight to an already bulky design; they were also vulnerable to the enemies' bullets themselves.
Armour could of course be provided, and in WW I the Germans in particular often did this; but this added yet more weight to the guns. Air-cooled machine guns often feature quick-change barrels often carried by a crew member , passive cooling fins, or in some designs forced-air cooling, such as that employed by the Lewis Gun.
Advances in metallurgy and use of special composites in barrel liners have allowed for greater heat absorption and dissipation during firing. The higher the rate of fire, the more often barrels must be changed and allowed to cool.
To minimize this, most air-cooled guns are fired only in short bursts or at a reduced rate of fire. Some designs — such as the many variants of the MG42 — are capable of rates of fire in excess of 1, rounds per minute.
Motorized Gatling guns are capable of the fastest firing rates of all, partly because this format involves extra energy being injected into the system from outside, instead of depending on energy derived from the propellant contained within the cartridges, partly because the next round can be inserted simultaneously with or before the ejection of the previous cartridge case, and partly because this design intrinsically deals with the unwanted heat very efficiently — effectively quick-changing the barrel and chamber after every shot.
The multiple guns that comprise a Gatling being a much larger bulk of metal than other, single-barreled guns, they are thus much slower to rise in temperature for a given amount of heat, while at the same time they are also much better at shedding the excess, as the extra barrels not only provide a larger surface area from which to dissipate it, but in the nature of the design are spun at very high speed, which has the benefit of producing enhanced air-cooling as a side-effect.
In weapons where the round seats and fires at the same time, mechanical timing is essential for operator safety, to prevent the round from firing before it is seated properly.
Machine guns are controlled by one or more mechanical sears. When a sear is in place, it effectively stops the bolt at some point in its range of motion.
Some sears stop the bolt when it is locked to the rear. Other sears stop the firing pin from going forward after the round is locked into the chamber.
Almost all machine guns have a "safety" sear , [ citation needed ] which simply keeps the trigger from engaging.
The first successful machine-gun designs were developed in the midth century. The key characteristic of modern machine guns, their relatively high rate of fire and more importantly mechanical loading,  first appeared in the Model Gatling gun , which was adopted by the United States Navy.
These weapons were still powered by hand; however, this changed with Hiram Maxim 's idea of harnessing recoil energy to power reloading in his Maxim machine gun.
Gatling also experimented with electric-motor-powered models; as discussed above, this externally powered machine reloading has seen use in modern weapons as well.
While technical use of the term "machine gun" has varied, the modern definition used by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute of America is "a fully automatic firearm that loads, fires and ejects continuously when the trigger is held to the rear until the ammunition is exhausted or pressure on the trigger is released.
The first known ancestors of multi-shot weapons were medieval organ guns , while the first to have the ability to fire multiple shots from a single barrel without a full manual reload were revolvers made in Europe in the late s.
One is a shoulder-gun-length weapon made in Nuremberg, Germany, circa Another is a revolving arquebus , produced by Hans Stopler of Nuremberg in True repeating long arms were difficult to manufacture prior to the development of the unitary firearm cartridge; nevertheless, lever-action repeating rifles such as the Kalthoff repeater and Cookson repeater were made in small quantities in the 17th century.
Perhaps the earliest examples of predecessors to the modern machine gun are to be found in East Asia. According to the Wu-Pei-Chih, a booklet examining Chinese military equipment produced during the first quarter of the 17th century, the Chinese army had in its arsenal the 'Po-Tzu Lien-Chu-P'ao' or 'string-ofbullets cannon'.
This was a repeating cannon fed by a hopper which fired its charges sequentially. This weapon was also hopper-fed and never went into mass production.
In the first mention of the automatic principle of machine guns was in a paper presented to the Royal Society of England by an Englishman by the name of Palmer who described a volley gun capable of being operated by either recoil or gas.
Another early revolving gun was created by James Puckle , a London lawyer, who patented what he called "The Puckle Gun " on May 15, It was a design for a manually operated 1.
According to Puckle, it was able to fire round bullets at Christians and square bullets at Turks.
In , Philadelphia gunsmith Joseph Belton offered the Continental Congress a "new improved gun" , which was capable of firing up to twenty shots in five seconds; unlike older repeaters using complex lever-action mechanisms, it used a simpler system of superposed loads , and was loaded with a single large paper cartridge.
Congress requested that Belton modify flintlock muskets to fire eight shots in this manner, but rescinded the order when Belton's price proved too high.
In the early and midth century, a number of rapid-firing weapons appeared which offered multi-shot fire, mostly volley guns. Volley guns such as the Mitrailleuse and double-barreled pistols relied on duplicating all parts of the gun, though the Nock gun used the otherwise-undesirable "chain fire" phenomenon where multiple chambers are ignited at once to propagate a spark from a single flintlock mechanism to multiple barrels.
Pepperbox pistols also did away with needing multiple hammers but used multiple manually operated barrels. Revolvers further reduced this to only needing a pre-prepared cylinder and linked advancing the cylinder to cocking the hammer.
However, these were still manually operated. In a machine capable of firing rifle shots a minute was devised by a French mechanic by the name of Hamel.
In the s a machine gun was designed by a Swiss man called Jacob Steuble, who tried to sell it to the Russian, English and French governments.
The English and Russian governments showed interest but the former refused to pay Steuble, who later sued them for this transgression, and the latter tried to imprison him.
The French government showed interest at first and while they noted that mechanically there was nothing wrong with Steuble's invention they turned him down, stating that the machine both lacked novelty and could not be usefully employed by the army.
In a short description of a prototype electrically-ignited mechanical machine gun was published in Scientific American by a J.
The model described is small in scale and works by rotating a series of barrels vertically so that it is feeding at the top from a 'tube' or hopper and could be discharged immediately at any elevation after having received a charge, according to the author.
In an Italian by the name of Cesar Rosaglio announced his invention of a machine gun capable of being operated by a single man and firing rifle shots a minute or 12, in an hour after taking into account the time needed to reload the 'tanks' of ammunition.
In June a model of a 'war engine' allegedly capable of firing 10, ball cartridges in 10 minutes was demonstrated by a British inventor called Francis McGetrick.
In a rotary cannon using a unique form of wheellock ignition was designed by an Irish immigrant to America by the name of Delany.
In a British patent for a mechanically operated machine gun was filed by Henry Clarke. This weapon used multiple barrels arranged side by side, fed by a revolving cylinder that was in turn fed by hoppers, similar to the system used by Nichols.
The gun could be fired by percussion or electricity, according to the author. Unlike other mechanically operated machine guns of the era, this weapon didn't use any form of self-contained cartridge, with firing being carried out by separate percussion caps.
In his patent, Bessemer describes a hydropneumatic delayed-blowback-operated, fully automatic cannon.
Part of the patent also refers to a steam-operated piston to be used with firearms but the bulk of the patent is spent detailing the former system.
In America, a patent for a machine gun type weapon was filed by John Andrus Reynolds in Barnes in In France and Britain, a mechanically operated machine gun was patented in by the Frenchman Francois Julien.
This weapon was a cannon that fed from a type of open-ended tubular magazine, only using rollers and an endless chain in place of springs.
The Agar Gun , otherwise known as a "coffee-mill gun" because of its resemblance to a coffee mill, was invented by Wilson Agar at the beginning of the US Civil War.
The weapon featured mechanized loading using a hand crank linked to a hopper above the weapon. The weapon featured a single barrel and fired through the turning of the same crank; it operated using paper cartridges fitted with percussion caps and inserted into metal tubes which acted as chambers; it was therefore functionally similar to a revolver.
The weapon was demonstrated to President Lincoln in The Union Army eventually purchased a total of 54 of the weapons. However, due to antiquated views of the Ordnance Department the weapons, like its more famous counterpart the Gatling Gun, saw only limited use.
The Gatling gun , patented in by Richard Jordan Gatling , was the first to offer controlled, sequential fire with mechanical loading. The design's key features were machine loading of prepared cartridges and a hand-operated crank for sequential high-speed firing.
It first saw very limited action in the American Civil War ; it was subsequently improved and used in the Franco-Prussian war and North-West Rebellion.
Many were sold to other armies in the late 19th century and continued to be used into the early 20th century, until they were gradually supplanted by Maxim guns.
Early multi-barrel guns were approximately the size and weight of contemporary artillery pieces, and were often perceived as a replacement for cannon firing grapeshot or canister shot.
In in the aftermath of the Second Schleswig War Denmark started a program intended to develop a gun that used the recoil of a fired shot to reload the firearm though a working model wouldn't be produced until In a Lt.
Friberg of the Swedish army patented a fully automatic recoil-operated firearm action and may have produced firing prototypes of a derived design around this was the forerunner to the Kjellman machine gun , though, due to rapid residue buildup from the use of black powder, Friberg's design was not a practical weapon.
Also in , the Bavarian regiment of the Prussian army used a unique mitrailleuse style weapon in the Franco-Prussian war. The weapon was made up of four barrels placed side by side that replaced the manual loading of the French mitrailleuse with a mechanical loading system featuring a hopper containing 41 cartridges at the breech of each barrel.
Although it was used effectively at times, mechanical difficulties hindered its operation and it was ultimately abandoned shortly after the war ended de.
The first practical self-powered machine gun was invented in by Sir Hiram Maxim. The Maxim machine gun used the recoil power of the previously fired bullet to reload rather than being hand-powered, enabling a much higher rate of fire than was possible using earlier designs such as the Nordenfelt and Gatling weapons.
Maxim also introduced the use of water cooling, via a water jacket around the barrel, to reduce overheating. Maxim's gun was widely adopted, and derivative designs were used on all sides during the First World War.
The design required fewer crew and was lighter and more usable than the Nordenfelt and Gatling guns. First World War combat experience demonstrated the military importance of the machine gun.
The United States Army issued four machine guns per regiment in , but that allowance increased to machine guns per regiment by Heavy guns based on the Maxim such as the Vickers machine gun were joined by many other machine weapons, which mostly had their start in the early 20th century such as the Hotchkiss machine gun.
Submachine guns e. The biggest single cause of casualties in World War I was actually artillery, but combined with wire entanglements , machine guns earned a fearsome reputation.
Another fundamental development occurring before and during the war was the incorporation by gun designers of machine gun auto-loading mechanisms into handguns, giving rise to semi-automatic pistols such as the Borchardt s , automatic machine pistols and later submachine guns such as the Beretta Aircraft-mounted machine guns were first used in combat in World War I.
Immediately this raised a fundamental problem. The most effective position for guns in a single-seater fighter was clearly, for the purpose of aiming, directly in front of the pilot; but this placement would obviously result in bullets striking the moving propeller.
Early solutions, aside from simply hoping that luck was on the pilot's side with an unsynchronized forward-firing gun, involved either aircraft with pusher props like the Vickers F.
By mid , the introduction of a reliable gun synchronizer by the Imperial German Flying Corps made it possible to fire a closed-bolt machine gun forward through a spinning propeller by timing the firing of the gun to miss the blades.
The Allies had no equivalent system until and their aircraft suffered badly as a result, a period known as the Fokker Scourge , after the Fokker Eindecker , the first German plane to incorporate the new technology.
As better materials became available following the First World War, light machine guns became more readily portable; designs such as the Bren light machine gun replaced bulky predecessors like the Lewis gun in the squad support weapon role, while the modern division between medium machine guns like the M Browning machine gun and heavy machine guns like the Browning M2 became clearer.
New designs largely abandoned water jacket cooling systems as both undesirable, due to a greater emphasis on mobile tactics and unnecessary, thanks to the alternative and superior technique of preventing overheating by swapping barrels.
The interwar years also produced the first widely used and successful general-purpose machine gun , the German MG While this machine gun was equally able in the light and medium roles, it proved difficult to manufacture in quantity, and experts on industrial metalworking were called in to redesign the weapon for modern tooling, creating the MG This weapon was simpler, cheaper to produce, fired faster, and replaced the MG 34 in every application except vehicle mounts, since the MG 42's barrel changing system could not be operated when it was mounted.
Experience with the MG42 led to the US issuing a requirement to replace the aging Browning Automatic Rifle with a similar weapon, which would also replace the M; simply using the MG42 itself was not possible, as the design brief required a weapon which could be fired from the hip or shoulder like the BAR.
The resulting design, the M60 machine gun , was issued to troops during the Vietnam War. The most common interface on machine guns is a pistol grip and trigger.
On earlier manual machine guns, the most common type was a hand crank. On externally powered machine guns, such as miniguns, an electronic button or trigger on a joystick is commonly used.
Light machine guns often have a butt stock attached, while vehicle and tripod mounted machine guns usually have spade grips.
In the late 20th century, scopes and other complex optics became more common as opposed to the more basic iron sights. Loading systems in early manual machine guns were often from a hopper of loose un-linked cartridges.
Manual-operated volley guns usually had to be reloaded manually all at once each barrel reloaded by hand, or with a set of cartridges affixed to a plate that was inserted into the weapon.
With hoppers, the rounds could often be added while the weapon was firing. This gradually changed to belt-fed types.
Belts were either held in the open by the person, or in a bag or box. Some modern vehicle machine guns used linkless feed systems however. Modern machine guns are commonly mounted in one of four ways.
The first is a bipod — often these are integrated with the weapon. This is common on light machine guns and some medium machine guns.
Another is a tripod , where the person holding it does not form a "leg" of support. Medium and heavy machine guns usually use tripods.
On ships, vehicles and aircraft machine guns are usually mounted on a pintle mount — basically a steel post that is connected to the frame or body.
Tripod and pintle mounts are usually used with spade grips. The last major mounting type is one that is disconnected from humans, as part of an armament system, such as a tank coaxial or part of an aircraft's armament.
These are usually electrically fired and have complex sighting systems, for example, the US Helicopter Armament Subsystems.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sustained fully-automatic firearm. For other uses, see Machine gun disambiguation.
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Further information: Ground mount. Assault rifle Autocannon Automatic rifle Breda machine gun Chain gun Crew-served weapon Firearm action Gatling gun General-purpose machine gun Heavy machine gun Light machine gun List of firearms List of machine guns List of multiple barrel machine guns Medium machine gun Minigun Mitrailleuse Personal defense weapon Revolver cannon Squad automatic weapon Submachine gun.
US Marine Corps. Archived PDF from the original on 19 February Retrieved 23 December Marine Sniper. Berkley Caliber.
Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute.
Machine Gun 10 Best Machine Guns in the World VideoMk 38 25mm Machine Gun System [M242 Bushmaster] • Training Exercises
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The M24E6 has also proven to more reliable, faster in rate of fire per minute and superior than the heavy old M The most notable features of the M can be revealed in the adjustable sights, the ergonomically designed carrying handle and the durability of the titanium steel used to produce the gun.
The great advantage of titanium steel will prevent rust from entering the usable and important parts of the firearm which ensures that the machine gun will work for more than its expected lifetime as rust is the main problem of jamming and barrel displacement in other guns we know today.
We see this gun, we run, we hear of this gun, we shudder and shiver in our spine. Just imagine the terror one would feel being held up in an extreme hostage situation with one of these?
In it was also a standard issue of weaponry and more especially a prized jewel to Joseph Stalin of that Era as it was most certainly the next best thing on the markets and to have been the stepping stone to all of his dangerous endeavors.
AK boasts an estimated million in production around the globe and these are only legal patented and produced, not forgetting the somewhat undetectable illegal production of these hand driven most powerful machine guns as well as backyard produced ammunition made by gun enthusiasts by melting and refining precious metals and putting together the parts of the AK in bulk productions and distributed all over the black markets.
This should tell you something about the remarkability and world phenomena of the revolutionary world popular AK Kalashnikov.
The sole purpose of a gun being in the form of a semi- automatic machine is purely to contribute to and to aid in ensuring the greater intended destruction that the licensed, authorized or issued users of this powerful artillery are getting for whatever purpose of use.
When we speak of an M4 Carbine Commando, picture a mercenary like Chuck Norris the movie: Missing in Action Holding this gun, getting ready to trail blaze a fire path of explosions and drilling the air with continuous hellfire.
This backup unit is a separate attachment which is the M under barrel mounted grenade launcher that was designed to fit as the main feature of this hand held monster.
The M Grenade launching capability of the M4 Carbine Rifle sure does make it one of the most intelligently designed counteractive medium and a gift given to American soldiers and serves as a life saver in those desperate times of need when your ammunition runs out.
Having the convenience of the M to be attached to your M4 is amazing as it saves you the time of having to reach down to your grenade in a raging gunfire combat situation.
In a matter of a split second one could lose their life which is precisely why the convenience of having the M Grenade launcher attachment takes the award to victory of just having to push a button while holding your M4 to be able to uproot an entire troop of enemies in line of sight by dispersing a single shot 40MM high explosive grenade in that rush.
We can say by its outstanding reputation of 21rst Century weaponry advancement and intelligence that it sure does pack an immense amount of Heat that can be that the commonly known guns may not be able to produce in terms of reliability, performance, durability and efficiency and accuracy.
It sure does fulfill the purpose and promise it was built for and that is to provide the Military service of the United States with excellence in the battlefield together with the combination of an outright competitive advantage in terms of power developed weapons.
In the s, gun manufacturers designed a number of mechanisms to address the problems associated with limited firing ability.
A lot of these early machine guns combined several barrels and firing hammers into a single unit. Among the most popular designs was the Gatling gun , named after its inventor Richard Jordan Gatling.
This weapon -- the first machine gun to gain widespread popularity -- consists of six to 10 gun barrels positioned in a cylinder.
Each barrel has its own breech and firing pin system. To operate the gun, you turn a crank, which revolves the barrels inside the cylinder.
Each barrel passes under an ammunition hopper , or carousel magazine , as it reaches the top of the cylinder. A new cartridge falls into the breech and the barrel is loaded.
Each firing pin has a small cam head that catches hold of a slanted groove in the gun's body. As each barrel revolves around the cylinder, the groove pulls the pin backward, pushing in on a tight spring.
Just after a new cartridge is loaded into the breech, the firing-pin cam slides out of the groove and the spring propels it forward. The pin hits the cartridge, firing the bullet down the barrel.
When each barrel revolves around to the bottom of the cylinder, the spent cartridge shell falls out of an ejection port.
The Gatling gun played an important role in several 19th century battles, but it wasn't until the early 20th century that the machine gun really established itself as a weapon to be reckoned with.
The Gatling gun is often considered a machine gun because it shoots a large number of bullets in a short amount of time.
But unlike modern machine guns, it isn't fully automatic: You have to keep cranking if you want to keep shooting.
The first fully automatic machine gun is actually credited to an American named Hiram Maxim. Maxim's remarkable gun could shoot more than rounds per minute, giving it the firepower of about rifles.
The basic idea behind Maxim's gun, as well as the hundreds of machine gun designs that followed, was to use the power of the cartridge explosion to reload and re-cock the gun after each shot.
There are three basic mechanisms for harnessing this power:. Click and hold the trigger to see how a recoil-action gun fires.
For simplicity's sake, this animation doesn't show the cartridge loading, extraction and ejection mechanisms. The first automatic machine guns had recoil-based systems.
When you propel a bullet down the barrel, the forward force of the bullet has an opposite force that pushes the gun backward.
In a gun built like a revolver , this recoil force just pushes the gun back at the shooter. But in a recoil-based machine gun, moving mechanisms inside the gun absorb some of this recoil force.
Here's the process: To prepare this gun to fire, you pull the breech bolt 1 back, so it pushes in the rear spring 2. The trigger sear 3 catches onto the bolt and holds it in place.
The feed system runs an ammunition belt through the gun, loading a cartridge into the breech more on this later. When you pull the trigger, it releases the bolt, and the spring drives the bolt forward.
The bolt pushes the cartridge from the breech into the chamber. The impact of the bolt firing pin on the cartridge ignites the primer, which explodes the propellant, which drives the bullet down the barrel.
The barrel and the bolt have a locking mechanism that fastens them together on impact. In this gun, both the bolt and the barrel can move freely in the gun housing.
The force of the moving bullet applies an opposite force on the barrel, pushing it and the bolt backward. As the bolt and barrel slide backward, they move past a metal piece that unlocks them.
When the pieces separate, the barrel spring 4 pushes the barrel forward, while the bolt keeps moving backward. The bolt is connected to an extractor , which removes the spent shell from the barrel.
In a typical system, the extractor has a small lip that grips onto a narrow rim at the base of the shell. As the bolt recoils, the extractor slides with it, pulling the empty shell backward.
The backward motion of the bolt also activates the ejection system. The ejector's job is to remove the spent shell from the extractor and drive it out of an ejection port.
When the spent shell is extracted, the feeding system can load a new cartridge into the breech. If you keep the trigger depressed, the rear spring will drive the bolt against the new cartridge, starting the whole cycle over again.
If you release the trigger, the sear will catch hold of the bolt and keep it from swinging forward. Click and hold the trigger to see how a blowback-action gun fires.
A blowback system is something like a recoil system, except that the barrel is fixed in the gun housing, and the barrel and bolt don't lock together.
You can see how this mechanism works in the diagram below. This gun has a sliding bolt 3 held in place by a spring-driven cartridge magazine 5 , and a trigger mechanism 1.
When you slide the bolt back, the trigger sear 2 holds it in place. When you pull the trigger, the sear releases the bolt, and the spring drives it forward.
After the bolt chambers the cartridge, the firing pin sets off the primer, which ignites the propellant.
The explosive gas from the cartridge drives the bullet down the barrel. At the same time, the gas pressure pushes in the opposite direction, forcing the bolt backward.
As in the recoil system, an extractor pulls the shell out of the barrel, and the ejector forces it out of the gun. A new cartridge lines up in front of the bolt just before the spring pushes the bolt forward, starting the process all over again.
This continues as long as you hold the trigger down and there's ammunition feeding into the system. Click and hold the trigger to see how a gas-action gun fires.
The gas system is similar to the blowback system, but it has some additional pieces. The main addition is a narrow piston attached to the bolt, which slides back and forth in a cylinder positioned above the gun barrel.
You can see how this system works in the diagram below. This gun is basically the same as one using the blowback system, but the rear force of the explosion doesn't propel the bolt backward.
Instead, the forward gas pressure pushes the bolt back. Retrieved Firearms: The Life Story of a Technology. Greenwood Publishing Group.
Chinese Technology in the Seventeenth Century. Courier Corporation. Cambridge University Press. April 10, University of Huddersfield.
Archived PDF from the original on Peterson Arms and Armor in Colonial America, — Courier Dover Publications. Journals of the Continental Congress.
Vieilles Maisons, Vieux Papiers. XVI Retrieved — via LastChanceToRead. Gallica in French. L'Indipendente dell' alto Po". Feraboli — via Google Books.
Raw materials. Fine arts. Spicer brothers — via Google Books. Tompkins — via Google Books. Printed by George E.
Eyre and William Spottiswoode, pub. Mechanic's Magazine. Google Patents. Archived from the original on 25 December Patents for inventions.
Abridgments of specifications. Archived from the original on 22 December The Gatling Gun. Bloomsbury Publishing. The War with Germany Second ed.
Washington, D. Links to related articles. ArmaLite AR derivatives. Colt Automatic Rifle Ares Shrike 5. Although many. Carbon 15 Olympic Arms OA Multiple barrel firearms.
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Fucile da Fanteria Mod. Fiat-Revelli Mod. OTO Mod. Infantry swords infantry sword Beaumont—Adams revolver Enfield revolver Webley. RML 6. QF 3-pounder Nordenfelt QF 4.
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